Fatalities - May 1935
Hartford W. Stubblefield - driver
Leo Whitaker - mechanic
Johnny Hannon - driver
Clay Weatherly - driver
The record for 500 miles falls for the fourth year in a row,
Kelly Petillo averaging 106.24 mph. Crash helmets
are required for the first time, and green and yellow traffic
lights are installed around the track. Under yellow, drivers
must slow to 75 mph and hold their positions.

Despite these changes, four men die at the speedway.
Johnny Hannon dies in a crash on his first
practice lap at speed. Veteran
Stubby Stubblefield and
riding mechanic
Leo Whittaker are killed on the 8th lap
of a qualifying run. Rookie Clay Weatherly dies when he
plows through the Turn 4 wall on the ninth lap of the race,
ironically in the same car as Hannon.
Hannon's Indy Record
Hartford "Stubby" W. Stubblefield
Leo Whitaker
Year   Car No. Car                   Laps Completed      Start   Finish
1930    25     Allen-Miller  
        Didn't Qualify             
1931    36     Jones-Miller            200               9       8
1932    15     Gilmore Lion            178               25      14
1933    8      Shafer 8                200               10      5
1934    5      Cummins-Diesel          200               29      12
1935    15     Victor Gasket Special
 Died during qualifying       
Before racing, Stubby had been a boxer. Proud of his
strength, he liked to take a hand exerciser and hold it
closed in his hand for eight minutes - at least five minutes
longer than the average man.

In 1930 he won the AAA Pacific Coast championship. He
also drove relief for Allen-Miller Products at this first Indy
race. In 1931 he drove a Jones-Miller and finished 8th.
Driving a streamlined car in 1932 nicknamed the "Catfish"
Stubby set a mile record at 147.356 mph shortly before
bringing the car to Indianapolis; but he failed to finish in

the top ten at Indy.

In 1933 Stubby was a member of Phil Shafer's 2-car team;
he averaged 100.762 mph and drove so well that he
should have finished better than 5th. In 1934 he became a
charter member of the 100-Mile-an-Hour Club, having set
a new high average for diesels with a Clessie Cummins
Diesel, the first time a 2-cycle diesel had been driven to
the end of the race.
Clay Weatherly in the Bowes Seal Fast/Leon Duray car
Stubby Stubblefield
Stubby's Wrecked Car
Stubby came to the track without a car or even the
promise of one.

Phil Shafer had entered three Buick-engined cars
(Victor Gasket Specials) in the race. He was pleased
when Stubby asked to drive one because Stubby had
driven a Shafer Special into 5th place in the 1933 race.

Unassuming and well-liked by the racing clan, H.W.
Stubblefield had a reputation for being a hard but
confident driver and a safe one. Phil Shafer and Stubby
were good friends. Stubblefield enjoyed a joke and
particularly liked to tease Shafer about his age and
"slowing down."

Stubby had made his 7th lap of qualifying near sundown
at 114.709 mph.  He was going into his 8th lap when he
lunged over the wall coming out of the southwest turn,
fatally injuring himself and his mechanic,
Leo Whitaker,
of South Gate, California.

Something apparently was wrong with his steering. He
went over the outside wall, ripping away several rods of
the wire fence on top of the wall, and then pitched down
the other side to land 200 fee from the track.

There were no skid marks on the track to help explain
what happened. Both Stubblefield and Whitaker died of
skull fractures before they reached the City Hospital.

The accident had occurred at almost exactly the same
spot as Preis's.

Stubblefield and Leo Whitaker were both buried at

Angelus Abbey in Los Angeles, side by side.

Stubby was married and lived in L.A. He was likable

and determined, "a dashing young driver of the Frank
Lockhart type.

Leo Whitaker, who had been racing for 12 years on the
West Coast, was making his first ride at Indy.

Both men were prominent in Califonria racing circles,
though Stubblefield had driven only a few years on the
Pacific Coast.
Johnny Hannon had extreme daring.  Formerly
a and had been racing on dirt tracks for 10 years.
In 1933 he was runner-up for Eastern auto racing
champion.  He won the title in 1934.  For Johnny,
there was only one way to go
- hard and fast, a
technique that worked well for him on the dirt

tracks in the East.

When he arrived in Indianappolis,
Leon Duray and
Tony Gulotta, both veterans, took him on practice
runs and tried to explain the tremendous difference
between dirt and
brick, especially in the turns.
Reminding Hannon that back wheels could not dig
into the brick as they did into dirt, they advised him
to be cautious on the turns until he had the "feel"
of the bricks.  

On May 21st, about 11 a.m., Hannon headed out

to the track to drive for the first time.  He took out
one of the Leon Duray Bowes Seal Fast Specials
to do some practice laps.  He got Oscar "Shorty"
to ride along as the mechanic.  Gulotta
had just driven the car a couple of laps, getting
the car up to 117 mph.

On their first lap, the car zigzagged on the back
then spun and hit the northeast upper
retaining wall,
tearing away a yard of concrete as
it went over.

Hannon landed 50 feet away from the car.  He

died a few minutes later, his chest and head
crushed.  Reeves was hospitalized for spinal
injuries and lacerations.

No mechancial problems were found with the car

and it is assumed that Hannon just lost control.

Reeves said "I hardly knew Johnny, but I knew he

was an excellent driver and I wasn't afraid when
he asked me if I'd like to make a practice spin with
him. Frankly, I don't
think he knew how fast we
were going.  I believe we were making at least
120 mph."  

Hannon had been crowned the Eastern Dirt Track
Champion just 5 months prior.  On May 19th, just

a few days before his crash, Hannon had set a
record at a Milwaukee dirt track, going over 120
However,  the first time any driver tries the
Indianapolis Motor Speedway, he is a rookie.  
Johnny Hannon was perhaps the most famous
rookie to date.

His fatal accident caused the AAA to devise
the Rookie Tests that have been used ever
since.  (Henry Banks was the first to pass the
official test in 1936.  All drivers, no matter
how experienced,  must pass the test to be
allowed to participate in the Indianapolis 500.)

Hannon was 25-years-old, married and had
two children.

As soon as he was able, Reeves continued to
ride and drive whenever he had the opportunity.
Johnny Hannon
Stubblefield's Indy Record
Year  Car No.   Car                Laps Completed         
   45      Bowes Seal Fast    Wrecked in practice NW, died
The car in which Clay Weatherly was killed was the
same car that Johnny Hannon wrecked on May 21st.

Weatherly was desperate to find a ride so he could
compete in his first Indy 500.  He managed to talk

Leon Duray into letting him use the rebuilt Hannon car.

When Weatherly qualified the car, the team signalled

"Love and Kisses" on the black chalk board.

They used that same board during the race to signal
Weatherly to slow down on the wet track.  As Weatherly
went into the 10th lap, he lost control at 100 mph and
crashed through the outside wooden wall on the 4th turn
leading into the front stretch, bumped the outside concrete
wall in front of Grandstands G-H, rolled down outside the
embankment, and stopped on the grass in
front of a crowd of spectators in Grandstand H.  

Both driver and mechanic were thrown clear.  Weatherly
died of a fractured skull and crushed chest before they
reached the speedway hospital; and his mechanic,
Francis Bradburn, had a broken back.  Bradburn's
chances for recovery were extremely slim, but he made it.

Weatherly had been a dirt track driver for about three

years in the Midwest and had a reputation as a brilliant
driver.  He had lived in Janesville, WI, and in Chicago;

but he was currently living with his mother in Harmon IL.

Francis Edwin Bradburn  worked in Leon Duray's
garage in Indy.  He had been assigned to ride with Johnny
Hannon and was disappointed when
Oscar Reeves
actually received the coveted honor  He felt lucky when he
ended up being in the race after all, but then ironically it
appears he would have ended up wtih a broken back
regardless of which car he was in.
Weatherly's Indy Record
Year  Car No.  Car                Laps Completed         Start   Finish
  56      Cresco             Did not qualify
  45      Bowes Seal Fast    9 - wrecked NW, died    25      32
Clay Weatherly
Palmyra Cemetery Illiinois
Hole in the wall that
Hannon's car punched out
The Indianapolis Motor Speedway
INDY 500 MEMORIAL - 1935
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